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Research Articles
Researchers at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) have performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on ways to prevent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. This is important because so ma ...more
As more and more aging Baby Boomers start to develop knee osteoarthritis, researchers are focusing on the whys and wherefores of this condition. Studies have already shown that removing a torn meniscu ...more
Many studies show the benefit of exercise for people with knee osteoarthritis. But pounding the pavement (walking) can increase pain. Aquatic therapy in a pool of warm, supportive water is one way to ...more
It is a well-known fact that women athletes are at greater risk for knee injuries compared with men. In particular, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries seem to plague female athletes much more o ...more
For many years, surgeons have worked to improve and perfect reconstructive surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. Athletes eager to get back to full sports participation were grateful ...more
Strength training and aerobic exercise reduce pain and improve function when knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes pain.There are very few reasons why patients with knee OA should not exercise.Exercise ther ...more
There is no cure for chronic pain caused by knee osteoarthritis. But there are ways to help reduce the pain and improve function. Physical Therapy modalities such as diathermy, interferential current, ...more
Regenerative medicine is a relatively new term you may start hearing more about. It refers to finding ways to help the body heal itself at the cellular level. For example, tissue from an uninjured par ...more
Fewer days in the hospital after a total knee replacement usually means lower costs. But how do you accomplish that? One way is to begin Physical Therapy within the first 24 hours after surgery. And m ...more
Some people in the medical field say there are no such things as "accidents." There are always reasons why people get sick or are injured. And this idea may be very true when it comes to ruptures of t ...more
You may be surprised to find out that the number of knee replacements in adults ages 45 to 65 tripled in the last 10 years. What could account for this increase? Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hos ...more
Anyone facing the prospect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery will be faced with one major decision. And that is: what type of graft should be used? In some cases, surgeons may ...more
After surgery to repair or reconstruct a torn or ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), patient and Physical Therapist diligently work to restore normal knee range-of-motion. Why is this so import ...more
Physicians use knowledge of risk factors to assess which patients might respond best to each treatment approach available for many problems. In this study, German surgeons take a closer look at factor ...more
If athletes decide to have reconstructive knee surgery for a deficient anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), then is return-to-sport a measure of success for that surgery? Short-term (12 month) studies sh ...more
Pain along the outside (lateral) knee is sure to get anyone's attention but especially the active athlete preparing for competition. There are a half dozen problems that can cause this type of symptom ...more
Orthopedic surgeon Robert A. Arciero from the University of Connecticut Health Center says that repairing damaged ligaments in the knee is "doomed to fail" if injury to the posterolateral corner remai ...more
Knee replacements have been around long enough now that their track record is clear. Ninety per cent of these implants last 15 to 20 years without problems. Patients experience a pain free return to n ...more
Surgeons are always looking for ways to improve surgical technique in hopes of better outcomes for their patients. In the case of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, there's been a slight ...more
Even though half a million knee replacements are done each year in the United States, there are other treatment options for some patients. If one side of the joint has worn down from problems with ali ...more
It's clear now that damage to the meniscus (cartilage) of the knee should be repaired whenever possible. But there's another type of cartilage in the knee called the articular cartilage. This is the c ...more
Knee injuries can really lay an athlete low. Those injuries affect the medial side of the knee most often (the side closest to the other knee). The soft tissues involved are first the superficial medi ...more
A knee replacement has become so common any more we tend to forget that it is still major surgery and a fairly complex one at that. With so many aging adults in America, the number of total knee repla ...more
Have you sustained a traumatic knee dislocation? This is likely the first systematic review of case studies of treatment of knee dislocation and compares timing of surgery and outcomes in terms of sta ...more
Research has shown that corticosteroids injected into the joint work for reducing knee pain caused by osteoarthritis. But how long does the effect last? Osteoarthritis is a chronic problem, so long-te ...more
Six risk factors for patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) in young athletes have been identified in this study. Some of them are modifiable, which means they can be changed. And that means this painf ...more
The verdict is in on the subject of meniscectomy (removal of the meniscus) -- don't do it unless it's absolutely necessary. And sometimes there is no way around it. But whenever possible, surgeons rep ...more
Injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee are common among adults of all ages. Athletes seem to be the primary patient population but they are not alone. Adults of all ages but espe ...more
Knee replacements are common among older adults with painful joint arthritis. It has been assumed that the decrease in pain after recovery from joint replacement surgery translates into improved mot ...more
In this article, the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) presents a Clinical Practice Guideline for the nonoperative treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Guidelines like this help all health c ...more
Japanese researchers may have an answer to the problem of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). This painful knee condition affects teens and young adults who are usually still growing. That means the grow ...more
It's clear now that unrepaired anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are often accompanied by damage to other soft tissue structures of the knee. Patients are advised to have surgery sooner than l ...more
Parents of teens with osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) and any adult who ever had OCD as a teenager will find this review of interest. Diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of OCD are the key features. A ...more
If you have painful knee arthritis, exercising the knee may be the last thing on your To Do list. But studies like this one show that knee flexion and extension exercises do help. They improve strengt ...more
In some countries with universal or nationalized health care, a joint replacement is considered an elective procedure. That means the person chooses to have the operation but it's not an emergency pro ...more
Long-term results after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery aren't always perfect. But for the majority of patients, the outcome is favorable and patients are happy with the results. In this stud ...more
Have you ever heard someone say they tweaked their knee? Has that ever happened to you? You take a step wrong or move in just a way that causes a sudden, sharp pain along the inside (medial side) of t ...more
Little by little, total knee implants have been improved over the years. But it hasn't happened by magic. Makers of the implants sponsor studies like this one to evaluate what works, what doesn't, and ...more
Highly active people who injure their anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee are often faced with an important treatment decision: surgery or no surgery? Wouldn't it be great if there was a test ...more
Over the years, surgical technique for the repair of a ruptured or deficient anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has evolved and changed. Most recently, in the 1990s, surgeons went from using a two-incis ...more
Cartilage injuries in the knee can be a big problem. Healing is very slow, if it happens at all. That's because the cartilage in the knee doesn't have much of a blood supply. Getting athletes with a f ...more
Physical Therapists provide rehab and retraining for patients after severe leg injuries. Regaining normal motion and motor control, improving strength, and restoring kinesthetic awareness (sense of po ...more
Degenerative joint disease (also known as osteoarthritis or OA) is a common problem in the aging adult. Two out of 10 people over the age of 60 develop OA. Knee arthritis is especially common. Pain an ...more
Physical Therapists faced with patients who have knee pain must make sure the problem is really coming from the knee. This is true for all musculoskeletal problems, whether it's back, neck, shoulder, ...more
Tearing or rupturing the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common knee injury, especially in people who participate in certain sports. And, as more people become active, surgeons are performing mo ...more
Is there a reason why patients stop kneeling after a partial knee replacement (PKR)? If there is, doctors and Physical Therapists haven't been able to find it. And without the ability to kneel, daily ...more
The treatment of meniscus injuries has progressed and changed over the years. Meniscectomy (removing the meniscus) was the first procedure used. But long-term studies showed degeneration of the joint ...more